Participation of women and transgenders in Global Fund processes in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
L. Lopez, A. Lamb
Aid for AIDS Peru, Advocacy Department, Lima, Peru
Background: A quick review of CCMs in LAC suggests that women are certainly present in all CCMs, and that most of them reflect gender balance among its composition. This study seeks to determine the extent of participation of women and transgenders in Global Fund processes throughout the LAC region, and highlight existing challenges and barriers that serve as constraints to achieving effective participation. The report also highlights current good practices throughout the region, and indicates where improvements and changes are needed.
Methods: The study was guided by a qualitative approach that aimed to identify different perceptions regarding the quality of participation of women-in-general, women living with HIV, female sex workers and transgenders in Global Fund processes. Data was collected between July and November of 2009 through interviews to CCMs' members and leaders, and focus groups with the populations mentioned above.
Results: Female sex workers and trangerders' participation has improved in the past two years. WLHIV remain invisible due to their participation as part of the people leaving with HIV groups; which prevent them to express their particular needs as WLHIV.
Due to lack of data about the impact of HIV on women in the LAC Region, women organizations do not include HIV in their activities, so they don't have an agenda to bring to CCMs.
In most cases CCM seeks civil society participation in order to comply with Global Fund requirements (rubber-stamping). Whether it is a workshop at the beginning of the process, an open call for proposals, or a final validation workshop with different stakeholders, most women and transgender consider their needs are not included in the final proposal.
Even though most of proposal included activities with WLHIV, female sex workers and transgender, they haven't been able to access the resources as sub-recipient. Their organizations are generally weak in administrative and financial processes.
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