Controversies about causes of feminization of HIV epidemic in Argentina
A. Adaszko, A. Duran, A. Ayma, S. Gerez, L. Recoder, C. Bloch
Dirección de Sida y ETS, Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina
the last decade, preventive strategies from sectors
involved in the response to HIV/AIDS in Argentina were based on the
premise that the epidemic was progresively "more female, younger and
aim of this presentation is to analyze the epidemiological support to
the feminization process by describing trends of epidemiological and
analyzed 15,373 cases of AIDS, 41,517 new HIV infections and 11,553
deaths by AIDS reported to AIDS Program as well the gender of 47,488 PLWHIV/AIDS taking care in the health public sector. To observe the trend of seven indicators related to gender, three years were considered.
The male/female rate in
PLWHIV/AIDS taking care in the health public sector was 1.5 in 2005 and 1.4 in 2008.
the indicators examined show an increase in the proportion of
infections in women in the first half of the decade, in recent years
have remained stable. This process is related to a decline in new infections and mortality in men. It
is possible that offering of testing to all pregnant women without an
adequate offer of testing to their partners explain this trend rather
than an increase in the number of infected women.
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