Social participation: NGO national meetings on HIV/AIDS and policy implementation in Brazil
R. Oliveira Duda1, M. Pereira2, G. Casimiro2, D. Oliveira Neto2, N. Correia2, E. Jesus3
1Programa Nacional de DST/Aids, Direitos Humanos, Canapolis, Brazil, 2Ministry of Health - Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil, 3Ministry of Health, Brasilia, Brazil
Background: The social participation is one of the principles of the Brazilian Public Health System. It is reflected in the national response on HIV/AIDS, that assumes the partnership between government and civil society as one of its pillars. Each two years, the brazilian NGOs get together in a National Meeting (ENONG) to deliberate about recommendations on STD/AIDS policies. This study searched evidences on how these recommendations become part of the national policy.
Methods: The methodology consisted on the comparative analysis of documents (meetings reports and national strategic plans from the period), under each socio-political context. The data collection occurred from 2007 to 2009 and the analysis was concluded in 2010.
Results: Between 1989 and 2009, 15 national meetings were held. The recommendations became important instruments for advocacy. Federal government adopted most of the recommendations, including the increase of finantial support, the universal distribution of ARVs free of charge and compulsory licensing. Besides, the meetings catalysed support on behalf of the country when its policies were mentioned abroad.
Conclusions: The Brazilian Police on HIV/AIDS is built by an intense social participation. The national meetings are important channels for dialogue and social mobilization. As a result of the support to this strategy, the brazilian response is strengthened: 1) it strengthen relations between NGOs; 2) it strengthen relations between government and civil society; 3) the recommendations indicate the needs on HIV/AIDS by users and society´s perspectives; 4) the adoption of the recommendations legitimate the policies that are implemented.
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