AIDS and mobility project: a new peer education method on HIV prevention for migrant and mobile populations
A. Morrone1, I. Uccella1, A. Rosso1, R. Di Palma1, C. Fazioli1, V. Agnoletto1, M. Carballo2, R. Salman3, A&M Group: AIDS-Fondet (Denmark), AIDS-i Tugikeskus (Estonia), Ethno-Medical Zentrum-EMZ (Germany), European AIDS Treatment Group-EATG (Germany), International Organisation for Migration-IOM (Belgium), Naz Project London (UK), National Institute for Health Migration and Poverty-NIHMP (Italy), Yeniden (Turkey)
1National Institute for Health Migration and Poverty, Rome, Italy, 2International Centre for Migration and Health, Geneva, Switzerland, 3Ethno-Medical Zentrum, Hannover, Germany
Issues: Across Europe, the HIV/AIDS epidemic progressively affects migrant populations and ethnic minorities. Socio-economic inequity and language barriers are some of the causes of poor accessibility to health services for these groups.
Description: The “AIDS&Mobility project” aims at reducing HIV vulnerability of migrants and mobile populations in Europe. The 3 years project started in 2008 in six Countries (Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Turkey and UK). It is based on With Migrants for Migrants health education model: trained transcultural mediators acting in HIV prevention for migrant communities. The core activities of the project are the following: Website construction to provide information on AIDS: Literature review of HIV prevention programmes for migrants, performed by the National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty-NIHMP; Development of a Guidebook, with TAMPEP's collaboration, currently being translated into 15 languages; Training: to date 3 out of the 6 sites trained 60 mediators. Data from 4 sites indicate that more than 100 candidates were interviewed; 40 females and 37 males were selected from Western Europe (Greece, Spain), Eastern Europe (Albania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Kurdistan, plus Roma people), North Africa (Egypt), Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South-Africa), Asia (Afghanistan, Indonesia, Pakistan, Iran), South-America (Brazil). Evaluation: NIHMP with the International Centre for Migration and Health (ICMH)'s support will conduct the internal evaluation; WHO will act as external evaluator of the project. Information Campaign: EATG and IOM will disseminate the project's results.
Lessons learned: Peer education has a key role to reach migrants. A common approach may be adopted by European Countries taking local specificities into account. Further research is needed to assess the long term impact of the project.
Next steps: The outcome of the training courses will be analysed. A policy summit will be conducted in Brussels in Autumn 2010 in order to propose this HIV prevention model all over Europe.
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