The international center
for technical cooperation in HIV/AIDS and regional South-South cooperation initiatives in AIDS as a means for addressing key thematic areas
G. Liliequist, C. Passarelli, J. Nunes, G. Almeida
International Center for Technical Cooperation on HIV/AIDS, Brasilia, Brazil
The added value of regional initiatives based on
horizontal cooperation in strengthening national AIDS responses.
Center for Technical
Cooperation on HIV/AIDS (ICTC) and partners has facilitated a number of regional
South-South cooperation initiatives with a thematic focus.
Based on the
principle of horizontal cooperation, these cooperation initiatives have been
established jointly by the countries involved, in accordance with their
specific needs and experiences. The initiatives have successfully served as a
platform for countries to share their experiences and develop their capacity in
specific thematic areas such as addressing the vulnerabilities of street
children to HIV/AIDS or strengthening sexual education in schools. Bringing
several countries together makes for particularly rich capacity development experiences
that can also provide cost-benefits and lower operational engagements as
compared to bilateral cooperation activities.
In addition to
developing capacity, the initiatives may have the added benefit of building
political support around the thematic areas concerned, which can occur both
domestically and internationally. Successful experiences involving several
countries may serve as an incentive for others. Regional initiatives may also
generate regional cohesion which can be advantageous in promoting key policy
areas globally, and lead to new South-South
cooperation opportunities. Yet another benefit is that they provide an
opportunity for improving coordination at regional and country-level.
Next steps: ICTC will seek
to establish additional thematic initiatives around key policy areas, and bring
together countries with similar demands in thematic activities in order to
fully harness the benefits of this approach.
Lessons learned: Regional
cooperation initiatives can be successful in building capacity and further
policy development in specific thematic areas.
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