Transphobia: an obstacle for transgender women in
Nicaragua to access to public health and HIV/AIDS prevention, care and
Redlactrans Nicaragua, Managua, Nicaragua
Issues: The human rights of trans (transvestite,
transformist, transgender and transexual) people are often ignored or not
considered. These individuals not only experience discrimination due to their gender
identity and expression but also because of their socio-economic status, race/ethnicity,
nationality, immigration status, sexual worker condition and/or HIV status. Transphobia
is a result of a societal context of discrimination and stigmatization that the
transgender population have been suffering for a long time. This is even worse
for those transgender individuals who regularly engage in sexual work, which
leads them to a situation of extreme social marginalization. This social
exclusion and isolation impairs this group's ability to access public
health services in general, and HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment
programs in particular.
Description: RedLacTrans (Latin-American & Caribbean Transgender Network)
conducted a study on the social reality and living conditions of transgender sexuall
workers in Nicaragua. The main finding was that most individuals of that group
were not accessing health services available in the country due to the
transphobic discrimination. The organization then met with transgender leaders
and public authorities to discuss this situation enphasizing the importance of
community organizing and the need to fight human rights violations suffered by
this social group.
That coordination and
networking among the transgender leaders was key to better represent and
advocarte for transgender sexual workers and identify their unmet needs. That collaborative work
between RedLacTrans and public officials led the issue of executive order 249-2009,
which rules a higher quality and more sensitive health care for transgender
individuals in Nicaragua.
Monitore the agreements
and executive order and support the initiatives of the transgender community.
Eliminate barriers that
prevent trans people to fully access public health services.
Promote the inclussion of
the transgender community in human rights promotion/protection programs and
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