and gender violence: the face of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among
women living in marginal areas in Mexico
S. Mino Gracia1,2
1Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Antropología Física, Mexico, Mexico, 2Salud Integral para la Mujer, A. C., Program: Youth, Sexual Health, Mexico City, Mexico
aim of the research is to find out and analyze the interaction
between social and cultural factors associated with vulnerability to
HIV / ISID of women living in marginal areas of Mexico.
20 sessions of three groups of women living with HIV in Queretaro,
Oaxaca and Mexico City, were done depth interviews and participatory
observation. The data analysis was performed using a qualitative
who experienced domestic violence during their childhood also
suffered domestic violence in adulthood. Women with less education
manifested lack of knowledge about HIV / AIDS, treatments and they
linked the infection with death. Also, these women were treated
discriminatory and their rights were violated in health services at
the moment they received their diagnosis.
large group of women got pregnant very young (between 14 and 18 years
old) and lost their first son during the first year of live due to
bad treatment in health services and violence by their spouse or
partner. Several women link their HIV positive status to sexual
violence by their spouses or partners, as well as the number of
sexual partners the men had and their hidden bisexuality.
conditions are associated with gender inequality experienced by
women, because denied them educational opportunities, having good
paying jobs or accessing to health services. This situation increases
their marginalized status and the possibility of being a victim of
domestic violence because the lack of economic autonomy and
information to prevent unintended pregnancies, which lessens their
opportunities for professional development and increase possibility
of join violent partners. All these factors contributed to get the
HIV infection. So it is important to generate gender equity
strategies to prevent among women.
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