Exploratory study on knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS of internal displacement people in five municipalities in the department of Putumayo in Colombia
J. Simbaqueba Vargas
Colombian Network of People Living with HIV 'RECOLVIH', Programme and Projects, Bogotá, Colombia
Background: Assessing knowledge and attitudes of internally displacement people (IDPs) in the context of internal armed conflict and host communities covered by a preventive intervention. Making an approach to the risk situation of the displaced against HIV and other STIs
Method: A survey of knowledge and attitudes to HIV infection in 800 IDPs and 760 host communities in five municipalities (Mocoa, Puerto Asis, Puerto Leguizamo, San Miguel and Valle Guamuez). The sample population who participated in activities planned by the prevention project. We performed univariate and bivariate analysis for the items. To go into some data Focus groups and life histories.
Results: IDPs have skill levels below the general population. About 50% are not sure whether the virus can be transmitted through animal. More than half thought that the mere fact of having sex with same sex is a risk for infection. 20% said that bathing in the same pool or river where he bathed a person living with HIV is at risk of acquiring infection.
About 40% have misinformation on the forms of prevention and condom use. The level of perceived risk is very low, only 28% of participants believe they have been at risk, but many of them during the workshops reported risk practices.
Conclusions: Displaced people are more vulnerable because:
? Insufficient knowledge and skills, low access to SRH services, uprooting and dispossession.
? Increased risk of sexual violence, human rights violation
? Economic dependence, fear, insecurity, mistrust, lower perception of risk. Fragile family relationships. Imbalance in social relations.
? HIV infection becomes a reason to further displacement in the context of internal armed conflict.
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