Sex inequalities in HIV-related practices in the Brazilian population aged 15 to 64 years old, 2008
A.R. Pascom1, C.L. Szwarcwald2
1Brazilian STD and AIDS Program, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit, Brasilia, Brazil, 2Fiocruz ICICT, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Background: The objective of this work was to analyze sex differences in HIV-related practices in the Brazilian population.
Methods: A national survey was carried out in 2008 with sample size of 8000 individuals aged 15-64 years old. The sampling was stratified by macro geographical region and urban/rural situation. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the main predictors of safe sex.
Results: The results indicated that women have less sexual activity, start sexual life later than men, have fewer casual sexual partners, but use condom less frequently than men. During infidelity situations, both males and females do not use condom frequently. On the other hand, the coverage of HIV testing is significantly greater among females.
Conclusions: Significant differences by sex were evidenced in all HIV-related risky practices. The greater vulnerability was always associated to women, with exception of HIV testing. The low proportion of condom use in infidelity situations was a problem for box sexes and deserves special consideration when developing prevention strategies.
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