Youth report by Wirastra Yogie PAMUNGKAS
Concerted global action has transformed the HIV and AIDS response into a top health and humanitarian priority. Now, the world has an historic opportunity to build on success: we must continue expanding treatment while charting a course to intensify prevention and dramatically reduce new HIV infections.
Speakers in this session is Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, followed by questions collected from the audience before the session begins.
Economic turbulence has driven up government deficits, and some countries have responded by reducing their investments in global health. These are the challenges we all face, but they don’t have to define our time.
And that is why, even as we are hopeful, we have to be honest with ourselves: We don’t have the money to treat our way out of this epidemic. Even as we continue to advocate for more funding, we need to make sure we’re getting the most benefit from each dollar of funding and every ounce of effort.
The session was begin by a march of therobinhoodtax.org, carrying the message "turn healthy profits into healthy people".
On his speech, Mr Gates explains about how he was so sceptic about effectiveness of circumsition towards reducing HIV infection risk, he now realize that he was wrong.
A video about young Swaziland guy going to have circumsition is displayed on the screen. He mentioned that circumsition reduce HIV risk by 60%, scientifically proven.
In 2009, more than 2500 Swaziland was circumsized and 80% out of them were young people aged 15-24 years old.
One of the question asked during the q&a session was wether global fund will allocate money to funds second line ARV. Mr. Gates responded that it will be important to optimise the number of people being on second line considering the cost of low volume production. [wpa]
-Wirastra Yogie PAMUNGKAS
CPC report by C. Virginia FIELDS
Building on Success: A Road Map for HIV Prevention
Special Session - July 19, 2010
Concerted global action has transformed the HIV and AIDS response into a top health and humanitarian priority. Participants examined the historic opportunity that exists to expand treatment while charting a course to intensify prevention and reduce new HIV infections. Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill Gates & Melinda Gates Foundation, highlighted key opportunities for future success in the area of HIV prevention. Despite current economic challenges, advocates were encouraged to remain optimistic. "Many countries are reducing their investments in global health, but we should not let these factors discourage us". Access to antiretroviral medicine is up and rates of infection have fallen globally by 17%. The Global Fund continues to advocate for more efficiency, innovation and the creation of new tools, which are believed to be the keys to future success in prevention. Mr. Gates recommended two core areas which he believed would help to achieve positive results: 1. Male Circumcision and 2. Antiretroviral Treatment.
A brief video was presented highlighting the benefits of male circumcision in Kenya, where the model is reported to be receiving widespread support in the community. However, in other places, not enough men are being reached. Despite the data, stigma and fear are still major barriers in some countries to policy and funding prioritization. Mr. Gates emphasized that we must make this a policy priority.
Other promising initiatives noted were ARV based prevention - pills, gels, injections and drugs, which are now being used for treatment; counseling of sex workers and needle exchange for drug users. Recommendations where also made as to how global AIDS can be addressed through bio technology technology, computers for comparative analysis and social marketing.
Of special note was the response to the question on strategies for getting wealthy Africans to help. It was emphasized that the issue must meet their needs and recognize the complimentary roles of government and philanthropy. Working with other leaders, Gates Foundation has been engaged in work in China, India, Nigeria, and hopes to expand efforts.